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Sailing Ships in Whitby Harbour by Arthur Rackham (1867 –1939)

Sailing Ships in Whitby Harbour by Arthur Rackham (1867 –1939)

Arthur Rackham was one of the leading artists and book illustrators in a time that is described as the Golden Age of British Book Illustration.

Born in London, Arthur Rackham was one of 12 children. He was working as a clerk at the Westminster Fire Office when he began studying art, part time, at the Lambeth School of Art.

In his twenties he worked as a reporter and illustrator, and his first book illustrations were published in 1893. From 1894 Book Illustration became his main career, whilst he also continued to contribute to periodicals.

In 1904 Arthur Rackham married his neighbour Edyth Starkie, an established Irish portrait painter and sculptor, and together they had one daughter, Barbara, in 1908.

Rackham created beautiful pen and ink drawings, often combined with watercolour.  He dominated the art of book illustration at the start of the Twentieth Century, and is best known for his illustrations of fantasy and fairy stories, including the Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm.  These high quality, beautiful books were highly regarded and often given as Christmas gifts.

Arthur Rackham also exhibited and won awards for his artworks, in Britain and Europe.  His work is often described as a fusion of a northern European ‘Nordic’ style strongly influenced by the Japanese woodblock tradition of the early 19th century.

This beautiful, subtly coloured drawing of Whitby is typical of his drawing style.

If you have any further information, stories or anecdotes about the artist, or any of the members of the Staithes Art Group, we would love to hear from you. Please contact us by email: Pannett.gallery@whitbytowncouncil.gov.uk

 

 

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Discover the early career of the trailblazing artist, Dame Laura Knight

A unique exhibition at the Pannett Art Gallery, Whitby

As part of its programme of anniversary celebrations and made possible by money raised by National Lottery players, the Pannett Art Gallery has a unique display of artworks on show throughout much of 2020. A National Lottery Heritage Fund grant has enabled the gallery to present a wonderful selection of art works that illustrate the importance of the North East Coast and the Staithes Group of Artists on the artistic development of Dame Laura Knight RA (1877 – 1970).

The exhibition of works by Laura and her husband Harold, painted during their time at Staithes includes the beautiful and enigmatic painting of Laura, by Harold, painted at about the time of their marriage. This fabulous oil painting was recently purchase for Whitby, thanks to grants from Art Fund, Arts Council England/V&A Purchase Grant Fund and a very generous benefactor, Mr George Bednar. The display also features a small selection of their paintings and sketches depicting life in Staithes at the beginning of the 20th Century.

Alongside these pictures, visitors can see works by the other members of the Staithes Group of Artists. To complement these and to build a wider picture of this artists achievements, additional works by Laura Knight will be going on display throughout the year.

You can see “Laura Knight at Staithes” at the Pannett Art Gallery, 9.30am – 4.30pm (last admission 4pm), Tuesday – Sunday, until 1st November 2020. There is no charge for admission.

How they came to be painting at Staithes

The Staithes Group of Artists developed when the railway extended to Staithes, bringing visitors from outside the area. Artists were attracted to the area, some visiting regularly, others setting up home locally, and a small group started exhibiting together as the Staithes Art Club 1901 – 1907, including Laura (nee Johnson) and Harold Knight.

The youngest of three daughters, Laura Johnson grew up in a low-income family with strong female role models, her mother Charlotte and her grandmothers.

Charlotte Johnson taught part-time at the Nottingham School of Art, where Laura was enrolled as a student from the age of 13.

At Nottingham School of Art, Laura met one of the most promising students, Harold Knight, then aged 17. A friendship developed, blossoming into romance and they married in 1903. Harold was a major influence on Laura’s work, particularly her early painting. Together Laura and Harold visited Staithes and soon returned to live and work there, quickly becoming members of the Staithes Art Group. This period, from 1897 until 1907, was a significant, but often overlooked, period of Laura’s career.

In Staithes Laura painted local people at work, depicting the hardships of fishing and farming as well as documenting the local children at play. Working outdoors Laura developed a freer style, capturing the realities of life.

Laura’s Career after Staithes

Laura and Harold Knight left Staithes in 1907, moving to Cornwall to join the Newlyn artist colony. There Laura’s style developed further, her paintings becoming much lighter and more colourful.

Laura befriended, and was inspired by, working people from all walks of life. Throughout her career she sketched and painted the world of theatre, circus and ballet as well as women at work in the Second World War and people from marginalised communities. Her strength & individuality led to her becoming an official war artist at the Nuremberg Trials.

In 1929 Laura was created a Dame and in 1936 she became the first woman elected to the Royal Academy since its foundation. Her large retrospective exhibition at the Royal Academy, in 1965, was another first for a woman.

Laura Knight was unconventional, inspirational and influential. She succeeded as an artist in a male dominated art world. She was one of the most successful painters in Britain during her lifetime, helping to pave the way for other women to gain greater recognition in the future.

 

Pannett Art Gallery team member Lisa admires the painting “Laura” which the gallery recently acquired.